FDA Warns Against Using Qualaquin to Treat Leg Cramps

Posted on July 8, 2010

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned against using the malaria drug Qualaquin (quinine sulfate) to treat night time leg cramps. The FDA says the use of the drug in this manner has resulted in serious side effects and prompted the manufacturer to develop a risk management plan aimed at educating health care professionals and patients about the potential risks.

A review of reports submitted to the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) between April 2005 and Oct. 1, 2008, found 38 U.S. cases of serious side effects associated with the use of quinine, the active drug in Qualaquin. Quinine use resulted in serious and life-threatening reactions in 24 cases, including low level of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia), and hemolytic uremic syndrome/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a blood disorder that results in clots in small blood vessels around the body that can be accompanied by kidney impairment. Two patients died. Most of those reporting serious side effects took the drug to prevent or treat leg cramps or restless leg syndrome.

"Health care professionals and patients should be aware that FDA has not approved the use of Qualaquin for the treatment or prevention of night time leg cramps," said Edward Cox, M.D., M.P.H., director, Office of Antimicrobial Products in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "FDA has received reports that some patients have developed serious side effects when taking quinine for night time leg cramps."

Qualaquin was approved by the FDA in August 2005 to treat uncomplicated malaria caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, an infection that can be life-threatening if untreated. About 1,500 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year, primarily resulting from travel abroad. Qualaquin is marketed by Philadelphia-based AR Scientific.